Speaker: Dr. Libby Garland
In 1921 and 1924, Congress passed legislation intended to reduce the influx of immigrants to the U.S. These laws allocated only small quotas for southern and eastern Europe, and banned almost all immigration from Asia. Their purpose was to limit the number of foreigners considered inferior and a threat to the nation. Jews, heavily represented in early twentieth-century immigration to the United States, were among the prime targets of the laws. In this talk, Dr. Libby Garland discusses the responses of Jews both in the United States and abroad to these new restrictions on immigration, including the attempts of many Jewish migrants to try to get to the United States in violation of the law.
Dr. Libby Garland is Associate Professor of History at Kingsborough Community College, The City University of New York. She is the author of After They Closed the Gates: Jewish Illegal Immigration to the United States, 1921-1965 (University of Chicago Press, 2014), winner of both the American Jewish Historical Society’s Saul Viener book prize and the American Historical Association’s Dorothy Rosenberg prize in 2015.